Legal Connection Updates http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/?p=37886 http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~3/s-6_gWuPamU/ Case Law 10th Circuit Administrative Procedures Act environmental law government law oil and gas law Tenth Circuit: Appeal of Fracking Regulation Unripe Due to Uncertainty of Future The Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals issued its opinion in <em>State of Wyoming v. Zinke</em> on Thursday, September 21, 2017. Fri, 17 Nov 2017 14:55:48 Z http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/tenth-circuit-appeal-fracking-regulation-unripe-due-uncertainty-future/#respond DU Law Student <div class="pf-content"><p>The Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals issued its opinion in <em><a href="http://www.ca10.uscourts.gov/opinions/16/16-8068.pdf">State of Wyoming v. Zinke</a></em> on Thursday, September 21, 2017.</p> <p>In this case, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals is asked to decide whether the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) acted beyond its statutory authority when it created a regulation that governed hydraulic fracturing (fracking) on lands owned by the United States.</p> <p>As fracking has become more common, public concern has increased about whether fracking is contributing to contamination of underground water sources. The BLM responded by preparing a regulation that attempted to modernize the existing federal regulations governing fracking on lands owned by the United States by increasing disclosure of the chemicals used in fracking, updating the standards for wellbore construction and testing, and addressing management of water used in the fracking process.</p> <p>The finalized, published fracking regulation attempted to regulate fracking in four ways: by (1) imposing new well construction and testing requirements; (2) imposing new flowback storage requirements; (3) imposing new chemical disclosure requirements; and (4) generally increasing BLM’s oversight of fracking.</p> <p>Shortly before the fracking regulation was to take effect, the Independent Petroleum Association of America (IPAA) and the Western Energy Alliance (WEA) filed a petition for review under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), opposing the new regulation. North Dakota, Utah, and the Ute Indian Tribe also intervened.</p> <p>The petition for review asserted that the fracking regulation violated two provisions of the APA in two ways: (1) the regulation was arbitrary, capricious, an abuse of discretion, or otherwise not in accordance with the law; and (2) it was in excess of statutory jurisdiction, authority, or limitations, or short of statutory right.</p> <p>The district court concluded that no statute authorized the BLM to regulate fracking. The district court reasoned that states may regulate underground injections of any substance, not the federal government. According to the district court, only the states could regulate fracking.</p> <p>While the parties supporting the regulation brought an appeal, the BLM asked this court to hold these appeals in abeyance, explaining that President Trump’s Executive Order required the Department of the Interior to review its regulations, including the fracking regulation, for consistency with the policies and priorities of the new administration. Another Executive Order directed the Secretary of the Interior, as soon as practicable, to publish for notice and comment proposed rules suspending, revising, or rescinding the fracking regulation at issue. The Secretary of the Interior then stated that the BLM would rescind the regulation in full.</p> <p>The issue addressed in this appeal is whether the BLM has the authority to regulate fracking on lands owned or held in trust by the United States and thereby to promulgate the fracking regulation. The Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals held that the case was not ripe for review, as there was no hardship to the parties. The only harm suffered will be the continued operation of oil and gas development on federal lands, which represents no departure from the status quo since 2015. Further, the BLM will be able to proceed with its proposed rule rescinding the fracking regulation, and would face more uncertainty if these appeals were to remain under advisement. The appeal was held to be unripe and unfit for judicial review.</p> <p>The Circuit dismissed the appeals, finding that the subject matter is unripe and the record is notably undeveloped or the future is particularly uncertain.</p> <p>The Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals <strong>DISMISSED</strong> the appeals as prudentially unripe, <strong>VACATED</strong> the district court’s judgment invalidating the fracking regulation, and <strong>REMANDED</strong> with instructions to dismiss the underlying action without prejudice.</p> </div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~4/s-6_gWuPamU" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/tenth-circuit-appeal-fracking-regulation-unripe-due-uncertainty-future/feed/ 0 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/tenth-circuit-appeal-fracking-regulation-unripe-due-uncertainty-future/ 2017-11-17 14:55 +00:00 2017-11-17 07:55 -07:00 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/?p=38025 http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~3/Pz5-dmIZXKI/ Case Law 10th Circuit Tenth Circuit: Unpublished Opinions, 11/16/2017 On Thursday, November 16, 2017, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals issued one published opinion and two unpublished opinions. Fri, 17 Nov 2017 14:32:26 Z http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/tenth-circuit-unpublished-opinions-11-16-2017/#respond Susan Hoyt <div class="pf-content"><p>On Thursday, November 16, 2017, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals issued one published opinion and two unpublished opinions.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ca10.uscourts.gov/opinions/16/16-4119.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>United States v. Jenks</em></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.ca10.uscourts.gov/opinions/16/16-1323.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>United States v. Portillos</em></a></p> <p>Case summaries are not provided for unpublished opinions. However, some published opinions are <a href="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/tag/10th-circuit/">summarized and provided by Legal Connection</a>.</p> </div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~4/Pz5-dmIZXKI" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/tenth-circuit-unpublished-opinions-11-16-2017/feed/ 0 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/tenth-circuit-unpublished-opinions-11-16-2017/ 2017-11-17 14:32 +00:00 2017-11-17 07:32 -07:00 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/?p=38014 http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~3/sFk3lp3I6pk/ Job Satisfaction happiness inspiration job satisfaction job search mental health The Tide May Be Rising, But Some Boats Are Sinking Last week I quoted from Ryan Avent’s book The Wealth of Humans: Work, Power, and Status in the Twenty-First Century (2016), which makes the following points: -The rising tide of neoliberal economic policy did in fact lift all boats from the post-WWII years through its heyday in the 70’s and 80’s. -In particular, it benefited the wealth and income of individual wage-earners — most dramatically in countries where government-centric models such as social democracy and communism had previously been in charge. Thu, 16 Nov 2017 16:27:51 Z http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/tide-may-rising-boats-sinking/#respond Kevin Rhodes <div class="pf-content"><p><a href="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/tide-may-rising-boats-sinking/lineinthesand/" rel="attachment wp-att-38015"><img class="size-medium wp-image-38015 aligncenter" src="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/line20in20the20sand-300x160.jpg" alt="" width="300" height="160" srcset="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/line20in20the20sand-300x160.jpg 300w, http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/line20in20the20sand-150x80.jpg 150w, http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/line20in20the20sand.jpg 307w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" /></a></p> <p>Last week I quoted from Ryan Avent’s book <em>The Wealth of Humans:</em> <em>Work, Power, and Status in the Twenty-First Century</em> (2016), which makes the following points:</p> <ul> <li>The rising tide of neoliberal economic policy did in fact lift all boats from the post-WWII years through its heyday in the 70’s and 80’s.</li> <li>In particular, it benefited the wealth and income of individual wage-earners — most dramatically in countries where government-centric models such as social democracy and communism had previously been in charge.</li> <li>But since then, continued allegiance to neoliberal policy has had the reverse effect, resulting in rapidly growing economic inequality which is leaving wage-earners behind.</li> <li>The problem seems to be that, since the 80’s, the “lifts all boats” paradigm has not kept pace with the altered economic dynamics brought on by globalization and the technological revolution. The result has been a shift in wealth creation and sustainable income away from the wage-earners neoliberalism once benefited.</li> <li>Continued allegiance to the neoliberalism is undermining the traditional concept of working for a living.</li> </ul> <p>This week, we’ll finish with Arent’s analysis, again quoting from his book:</p> <ul> <li><strong>As a result of the above, the continuing viability of neoliberal economic policy is being questioned.</strong></li> </ul> <blockquote><p>Around the world, dissatisfaction with the fruits of economic integration fuels inward-looking political movements: protectionist in some places, separatist in others. Some politicians find themselves able to gain traction by playing identity politics or by criticizing institutions of liberal democracy. Many succeed through withering critiques of the elites who minded the tiller over the last few decades. Faith in markets and their ability to generate broad-based growth has been shaken.</p></blockquote> <ul> <li><strong>Questioning neoliberalism also challenges its support base of cultural, societal, and national institutions.</strong></li> </ul> <blockquote><p>In a way, it would be much easier if the robots were simply taking all the jobs. Solutions might not be any more straightforward to come by, but the sight of millions of robot dog-walkers and sanitation workers strutting through crowds of unemployed humans would at least be clarifying.</p> <p>Instead, the remarkable technological progress of the digital age is refracted through industrial institutions in ways that obscure what is causing what. New technologies <em>do</em> contain the potential to revolutionize society and the economy. New firms are appearing which promise to move society along this revolutionary path. And collateral damage, in the form of collapsing firms and sacked workers, is accumulating.</p> <p>But the institutions we have available, and which have served us well these last two centuries, are working to take the capital and labour that has been made redundant and reuse it elsewhere. Workers, needing money to live, seek work, and accept pay cuts when they absolutely must. Lower wages make it attractive for firms to use workers at less productive tasks . . . [and reduce] the incentive to invest in labour-saving technology.</p></blockquote> <ul> <li><strong>A new economic paradigm seems to be indicated, but its coming won’t be easy.</strong></li> </ul> <blockquote><p>This political era [the post-war surge of neoliberalism] is at an end.</p> <p>[I]ncomes must rise. Not just the incomes of China’s middle class and the rich world’s 1 per cent. But achieving higher incomes is a fraught business, both economically and politically.</p> <p>This process will not end without a dramatic and unexpected shift in the nature of technology, or in the nature of economic institutions.</p></blockquote> <p>Neoliberalism’s apparent faltering threatens many economic ideas that have come to be held sacred, such as the notion of working for a living, which we saw a few posts back is revered as a <em>moral</em> virtue by Communists and Christians alike. These kinds of notions are deeply rooted in the minds —literally, in the neurological wiring — of the human beings who have inherited them and the values they stand for. As such, they are much more than economic ideas, they are the personal and cultural narratives that define our identities and guide our choices, both individually and collectively.</p> <p>These kinds of entrenched cultural ideals will not go quietly into the night. Instead they will retrench and aggressively pushback against an interloper. Next time, we’ll look at one of those reactionary responses: the advent of “bullshit jobs,” which contribute much to current workplace dissatisfaction.</p> <p>And just for fun,<em> <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QoLywiaM6PA">here’s the “not go quietly into the night” speech from Independence Day</a>, </em>and <em><a href="https://www.poets.org/poetsorg/poem/do-not-go-gentle-good-night">here’s Dylan Thomas’s “Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night.”</a></em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div style="border: 1px solid #999999; background-color: #dadada;"> <p><em><a href="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/07/can-money-buy-happiness/photo-kevin-head-shot-thumbnail/" rel="attachment wp-att-37377"><img class="alignleft size-full wp-image-37377" src="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Photo-Kevin-Head-Shot-thumbnail.jpg" alt="" width="150" height="187" srcset="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Photo-Kevin-Head-Shot-thumbnail.jpg 150w, http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Photo-Kevin-Head-Shot-thumbnail-120x150.jpg 120w" sizes="(max-width: 150px) 100vw, 150px" /></a>Kevin Rhodes left a successful long-term law practice to scratch a creative itch and lived to tell about it… barely. Since then, he has been on a mission to bring professional excellence and personal wellbeing to the people who learn, teach, and practice the law. He has also blogged extensively and written several books about his unique journey to wellness, including how he deals with primary progressive MS through an aggressive regime of exercise, diet, and mental conditioning.<br /> </em></p> </div> </div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~4/sFk3lp3I6pk" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/tide-may-rising-boats-sinking/feed/ 0 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/tide-may-rising-boats-sinking/ 2017-11-16 16:27 +00:00 2017-11-16 09:27 -07:00 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/?p=38021 http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~3/szg_PZSUmBw/ Case Law Colorado Court of Appeals Colorado Court of Appeals: Announcement Sheet, 11/16/2017 On Thursday, November 16, 2017, the Colorado Court of Appeals issued six published opinions and 31 unpublished opinions.  Thu, 16 Nov 2017 16:27:25 Z http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/colorado-court-appeals-announcement-sheet-11162017/#respond Susan Hoyt <div class="pf-content"><p>On Thursday, November 16, 2017, the Colorado Court of Appeals issued six published opinions and 31 unpublished opinions.</p> <p><a href="https://www.courts.state.co.us/Courts/Court_of_Appeals/Opinion/2017/14CA1920-PD.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>People v. Deleon</em></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.courts.state.co.us/Courts/Court_of_Appeals/Opinion/2017/15CA1843-PD.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Miller v. Hancock</em></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.courts.state.co.us/Courts/Court_of_Appeals/Opinion/2017/16CA1198-PD.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Sos v. Roaring Fork Transportation Authority</em></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.courts.state.co.us/Courts/Court_of_Appeals/Opinion/2017/16CA1361-PD.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Robertson v. People</em></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.courts.state.co.us/Courts/Court_of_Appeals/Opinion/2017/17CA0049-PD.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>People in Interest of M.M. and P.M.</em></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.courts.state.co.us/Courts/Court_of_Appeals/Opinion/2017/17CA0294-PD.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Berthold v. Industrial Claim Appeals Office</em></a></p> <p>Summaries of these cases are forthcoming.</p> <p>Neither State Judicial nor the Colorado Bar Association provides case summaries for unpublished appellate opinions. The case announcement sheet is <a href="https://www.courts.state.co.us/Courts/Court_Of_Appeals/Case_Announcements/Files/2017/ED75BD11-16-17.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">available here</a>.</p> </div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~4/szg_PZSUmBw" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/colorado-court-appeals-announcement-sheet-11162017/feed/ 0 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/colorado-court-appeals-announcement-sheet-11162017/ 2017-11-16 16:27 +00:00 2017-11-16 09:27 -07:00 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/?p=38017 http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~3/S6lyaapftwU/ Case Law Colorado Court of Appeals jurisdiction litigation motion to dismiss stream of commerce Colorado Supreme Court: Plaintiff Established Sufficient Contacts Under Stream of Commerce Doctrine to Withstand Motion to Dismiss The Colorado Supreme Court issued its opinion in <em>Align Corp. Ltd. v. Boustred</em> on Monday, November 13, 2017. Thu, 16 Nov 2017 16:24:07 Z http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/colorado-supreme-court-plaintiff-established-sufficient-contacts-stream-commerce-doctrine-withstand-motion-dismiss/#respond CBA-CLE Staff <div class="pf-content"><p>The Colorado Supreme Court issued its opinion in <em><a href="https://www.courts.state.co.us/userfiles/file/Court_Probation/Supreme_Court/Opinions/2016/16SC448.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Align Corp. Ltd. v. Boustred</a></em> on Monday, November 13, 2017.</p> <blockquote><p><em>Stream of Commerce Doctrine—Personal Jurisdiction</em></p> <p>In this case, the supreme court considers the stream of commerce doctrine to determine the prerequisites for a state to exercise specific personal jurisdiction over a non-resident defendant. The court concludes that <em>World-Wide Volkswagen Corp. v. Woodson</em>, 444 U.S. 286 (1980), sets out the controlling stream of commerce doctrine. That doctrine establishes that a forum state may assert jurisdiction where a plaintiff shows that a defendant placed goods into the stream of commerce with the expectation that the goods will be purchased in the forum state. Applying that doctrine to this case, the court then concludes that the plaintiff made a sufficient showing under that doctrine to withstand a motion to dismiss. Accordingly, the supreme court affirms the judgment of the court of appeals.</p></blockquote> <p><em>Summary provided courtesy of </em><a href="http://www.cobar.org/-em-Colorado-Lawyer-em" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Colorado Lawyer</a>.</p> </div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~4/S6lyaapftwU" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/colorado-supreme-court-plaintiff-established-sufficient-contacts-stream-commerce-doctrine-withstand-motion-dismiss/feed/ 0 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/colorado-supreme-court-plaintiff-established-sufficient-contacts-stream-commerce-doctrine-withstand-motion-dismiss/ 2017-11-16 16:24 +00:00 2017-11-16 09:24 -07:00 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/?p=38019 http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~3/mTTmjDe8c8o/ Case Law Colorado Supreme Court oil and gas law property tax real estate law tax law Colorado Supreme Court: Taxpayer Entitled to File Statutory Claim for Relief After Expiration of Protest Period The Colorado Supreme Court issued its opinion in <em>OXY USA, Inc. v. Mesa County Board of Commissioners</em> on Monday, November 13, 2017. Thu, 16 Nov 2017 16:21:36 Z http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/colorado-supreme-court-taxpayer-entitled-file-statutory-claim-relief-expiration-protest-period/#respond CBA-CLE Staff <div class="pf-content"><p>The Colorado Supreme Court issued its opinion in <em><a href="https://www.courts.state.co.us/userfiles/file/Court_Probation/Supreme_Court/Opinions/2016/16SC51.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">OXY USA, Inc. v. Mesa County Board of Commissioners</a></em> on Monday, November 13, 2017.</p> <blockquote><p><em>Tax Law—Taxpayer Error—Overvaluation</em></p> <p>The supreme court holds that section 39-10-114(1)(a)(I)(A), C.R.S. (2017), allows abatement and refund for illegally or erroneously levied taxes based on overvaluation caused by taxpayer error. This result follows from the statute’s plain text that allows abatement for “overvaluation” without making a distinction between government- and taxpayer-caused overvaluations. The court rejects the court of appeals’ holding that <em>Coquina Oil Corp. v. Larimer County Board of Equalization</em>, 770 P.2d 1196 (Colo. 1989), and <em>Boulder County Board of Commissioners v. HealthSouth Corp.</em>, 246 P.3d 948 (Colo. 2011), require a different result. <em>Coquina</em> was superseded by the 1991 legislative amendment that added “overvaluation” as a ground for abatement, and <em>HealthSouth</em>’s holding was limited to intentional taxpayer overvaluations. The supreme court reverses the judgment of the court of appeals and remands for further proceedings.</p></blockquote> <p><em>Summary provided courtesy of </em><a href="http://www.cobar.org/-em-Colorado-Lawyer-em" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Colorado Lawyer</a>.</p> </div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~4/mTTmjDe8c8o" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/colorado-supreme-court-taxpayer-entitled-file-statutory-claim-relief-expiration-protest-period/feed/ 0 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/colorado-supreme-court-taxpayer-entitled-file-statutory-claim-relief-expiration-protest-period/ 2017-11-16 16:21 +00:00 2017-11-16 09:21 -07:00 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/?p=38010 http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~3/qGGjbvfNTwA/ Legal Writing appellate law Connection Partners law practice legal writing litigation Show Me The Way: Using Headers More Effectively Headers are helpful. Use them. Use Headers in a Statement of Facts Think of all the good reasons you use headers in your argument section. Those same reasons apply to the Statement of Facts section. So use headers there too. Wed, 15 Nov 2017 15:43:30 Z http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/show-way-using-headers-effectively/#respond Michael Blasie <div class="pf-content"><p><a href="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/09/lawless-landscape-legal-writing/michael-blasie-legal-writing/" rel="attachment wp-att-37648"><img class="alignleft size-full wp-image-37648" src="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Michael-Blasie-Legal-Writing.jpg" alt="" width="170" height="171" srcset="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Michael-Blasie-Legal-Writing.jpg 170w, http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Michael-Blasie-Legal-Writing-150x150.jpg 150w, http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Michael-Blasie-Legal-Writing-70x70.jpg 70w, http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Michael-Blasie-Legal-Writing-100x100.jpg 100w" sizes="(max-width: 170px) 100vw, 170px" /></a>Headers are helpful. Use them.<a href="#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1">[1]</a></p> <h4><strong><u>Use Headers in a Statement of Facts</u></strong></h4> <p>Think of all the good reasons you use headers in your argument section. Those same reasons apply to the Statement of Facts section. So use headers there too.<a href="#_ftn2" name="_ftnref2">[2]</a></p> <p>When you do come across the rare Statement of Facts that uses headers, it often contains ones like these:</p> <ol> <li> The December 22, 2010 Common Interest Agreement.</li> <li> Defendant’s Negligence.</li> </ol> <p>These are useless. The date and title of the document are probably irrelevant.<a href="#_ftn3" name="_ftnref3">[3]</a> The header does not engage the reader because none of us want to read about common interest agreements. Neither header provides a fact essential to a court’s ruling. In fact, the second header is a legal conclusion (not a factual one). They are neither memorable nor relevant. In short, they say nothing about your case.</p> <p>But it does not have to be this way. Ross Guberman provides a helpful example.<a href="#_ftn4" name="_ftnref4">[4]</a> Watch how the government used headers in a Statement of Facts section to defend convictions in the Martha Stewart case.</p> <ol> <li> The Government’s Case <ol> <li> “Get Martha on the Phone”</li> <li> “Peter Bacanovic thinks ImClone is Going to Start Trading Downward”</li> <li> Stewart Sells Her ImClone Stock</li> <li> “Something is Going On With ImClone And Martha Stewart Wants To Know What”</li> <li> Stewart’s Conversation With Mariana Pasternak</li> <li> The Investigations Begin</li> <li> The Tax Loss Selling Cover Story</li> <li> January 3, 2002: Faneuil Lies to Investigators</li> <li> Bacanovic Changes The Cover Story</li> <li> January 7, 2002: Bacanovic Lies to Investigators</li> <li> Stewart Alters Bacanovic’s Telephone Message</li> <li> February 4, 2002: Stewart Lies to Investigators</li> <li> February 13, 2002: Bacanovic Lies in Sworn Testimony</li> <li> March 7, 2002: Faneuil Lies to Investigators Again</li> <li> April 10, 2002: Stewart Lies to Investigators Again</li> <li> Stewart’s False Public Statements</li> <li> Faneuil Reveals The Truth<a href="#_ftn5" name="_ftnref5">[5]</a></li> </ol> </li> </ol> <p>When you read these headers, a story emerges. Not just any story, a story helpful to the prosecution.<a href="#_ftn6" name="_ftnref6">[6]</a></p> <p>Let’s consider a simpler example. When you glance at a Table of Contents you see the following:</p> <ol> <li> Farm Inc. Agreed to Deliver One Hundred Eggs to Pie Corp. Every Sunday.</li> <li> One Sunday, Without Notice, Farm Inc. Delivered No Eggs.</li> <li> Without Eggs Pie Corp. Could Not Bake or Sell Any Pies That Week.</li> <li> That Week Pie Corp. Lost $1,000.</li> </ol> <p>From these headers you can predict this lawsuit probably contains a breach of contract claim. The headers track the elements without using any legal terms, like “breach” or “causation.” More importantly, these four headers match the four factual findings needed to succeed on the claim.  If the court remembers nothing else except these four factual conclusions, the plaintiff’s statement of facts has done its job.</p> <h4><strong><u>Phrase Argument Section Headers Persuasively</u></strong></h4> <p>Frequently headers state a legal conclusion without any reasoning. For example,</p> <ol> <li> The Complaint Fails to State a Claim Upon Which Relief Can be Granted.</li> <li> The Existence of a Disputed Material Fact Precludes Summary Judgment.</li> <li> Defendant’s Negligence Caused Damages.</li> </ol> <p>These headers could appear in any brief for any case involving these types of motions or claims. They are weak and add little. Remember, when your reader gets to these headers, the reader already knows what you want. The caption page and opening said what you want and why. So the reader knows you think the complaint does not state a claim when the reader gets to the header saying the complaint does not state a claim. Add something new and helpful.</p> <p>Make your headers stronger by stating why you win:<a href="#_ftn7" name="_ftnref7">[7]</a></p> <ol> <li> Because the Complaint Does Not Allege the Third and Fourth Elements of Negligence, It Fails to State A Claim for Negligence.</li> <li> Conflicting Expert Testimony About Whether The Landfill Continues to Cause or Threaten Environmental Damage Creates a Disputed Material Fact.</li> <li> When the Driver Became Distracted While Texting on Her Phone, She Crashed Into the Car.</li> </ol> <h4><strong><u>The Integrated Header: Visual Cues For The Reader</u></strong></h4> <p>Usually we think of headers as an indented sentence prefaced with an outline-symbol like a roman numeral. So headers are abrupt and obvious. Not quite.</p> <p>Some briefs integrate headers into the main text. They use portions of headers to start paragraphs. These integrated headers are not in the Table of Contents. Weaker but also less disruptive than traditional headers, they function as helpful visual cues and transitions.<a href="#_ftn8" name="_ftnref8">[8]</a> These headers are neither better nor worse than traditional headers. They are an option. Use them when you deem appropriate.</p> <p>Former United States Solicitor General Seth Waxman has a knack for these. Take a look.</p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><em>Example 1:</em></span></p> <blockquote> <p style="text-align: center;">Summary of Argument</p> <p style="text-align: left;">I.  Implied dedication requires two elements: (1) the property owner’s unequivocal intent to dedicate land for a particular public use; and (2) and acceptance of that land for that use by the public. Only the first element, the landowner’s intent, is at issue here. . . .</p> <p>[several paragraphs]</p> <p>II. Appellants have not come close to establishing that the City intended—much less unequivocally intended—to irrevocably dedicate the four parcels at issue as parkland. . . .<a href="#_ftn9" name="_ftnref9">[9]</a></p></blockquote> <p>The roman numerals are not part of a traditional header. They introduce full main text paragraphs. In doing so, they visually break up points for the reader. They function as transitions without a transition word or phrase.</p> <p><em><u>Example 2:</u></em></p> <blockquote> <p style="text-align: center;">3. Appellants’ rule is singularly inappropriate in this case where the<br /> landowner is the City and the property at issue is a street.</p> <p>Finally, Appellants’ bid to jettison owner intent in favor of public use as the north star of the implied dedication analysis . . .</p> <p>a. By elevating long continued public use to the ‘main determinant’ of dedication, Appellants’ rule would eviscerate the distinction between prescriptive rights—those acquired through . . .</p> <p>[another paragraph]</p> <p>b. Appellants acknowledge that their vision of implied dedication rests not on the City’s actual intent regarding the status of the DOT Strips, but instead on . . . <a href="#_ftn10" name="_ftnref10">[10]</a></p></blockquote> <p>Here Waxman uses letters to achieve the same function as the roman numerals above. Rather than including a full sub-header, he uses each letter to start a new point and a new series of paragraphs.</p> <p><em><u>Example 3:</u></em></p> <blockquote> <p style="text-align: center;">8. Social Science Does Not Support Any Of The Putative Rationales For Proposition 8.</p> <p>Proponents of laws like Proposition 8 have advanced certain social-science arguments that they contend support the exclusion of same-sex couples from civil marriage. The proponents’ main arguments are (1) <em>deinstitutionalization</em>: that allowing same-sex couples to marry will harm the institution of marriage by severing it from child-rearing; (2) <em>biology</em>: that marriage is necessary only for opposite-sex couples because they can procreate accidentally; and (3) <em>child welfare</em>: that children are better off when raised by two parents of the opposite sex. Each of these arguments reflects a speculative assumption rather than a fact, is unsupported in the trial record in this case, and has in fact been refuted by evidence.</p> <p><em>Deinstitutionalization</em>. No credible evidence supports the deinstitutionalization theory on which petitioners heavily rely. . . .</p> <p>[multiple paragraphs]</p> <p><em>Biology</em>. There is also no biological justification for denying civil marriage to same-sex couples. . . .</p> <p>[multiple paragraphs]</p> <p><em>Child Welfare</em>. If there were persuasive evidence that same sex marriage was detrimental to children, amici would give that evidence great weight. But there is none. . . .<a href="#_ftn11" name="_ftnref11">[11]</a></p></blockquote> <p>The introduction establishes three counterarguments in a numbered list. The brief assigns each counterargument a title using an italicized word. Those italicized titles later serve as visual transitions.</p> <hr /> <p><a href="#_ftnref1" name="_ftn1">[1]</a> For more information on using headers effectively see Stephen Armstrong &amp; Timothy Terrell, <em>Thinking Like a Writer: A Lawyer’s Guide to Effective Writing and Editing</em> 121-25 (Practicing Law Institute 3d ed. 2008); Bryan A. Garner, <em>Legal Writing In Plain English</em> 20-22 (2d ed. 2013); Ross Guberman, <em>Point Made, How to Write Like the Nation’s Top Advocates</em> 73-80 (2d ed. 2014); Ross Guberman, <em>Point Taken: How to Write Like the World’s Best Judges</em> 108-11 (2015) (discussing use of headers and sub-headers in opinions).</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref2" name="_ftn2">[2]</a> <em>See</em> Ross Guberman, <em>Point Made</em>, <em>supra</em> n. 1 at 73-76 (discussing use of headers in Statement of Facts section).</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref3" name="_ftn3">[3]</a> “Lawyers love narrative &#8211; and they adore dates and places. . . . And when, pages later, [the date] turns out to be wholly irrelevant, the judge will feel duped &#8211; a feeling that often leads to irritability and impatience. I would consider that a less-than-desirable start for one’s case.” Judge William Eich, <em>Writing The Persuasive Brief</em>, Wisconsin Lawyer (Feb. 2003), <em>available at</em> <a href="http://www.wisbar.org/newspublications/wisconsinlawyer/pages/article.aspx?Volume=76&amp;Issue=2&amp;ArticleID=614" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://www.wisbar.org/newspublications/wisconsinlawyer/pages/article.aspx?Volume=76&amp;Issue=2&amp;ArticleID=614</a>; Ross Guberman, <em>Point Made</em>, <em>supra</em> n. 1 at 69-71 (discussing alternatives to dates in a Statement of Facts).; Ross Guberman, <em>Point Taken: How to Write Like the World’s Best Judges</em> 44-56 (2015) (discussing cutting irrelevant facts from court opinions).</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref4" name="_ftn4">[4]</a> Ross Guberman, <em>Free Martha? Not with these Headings!</em>, Legal Writing Pro, <a href="https://www.legalwritingpro.com/articles/free-martha-not-headings/">https://www.legalwritingpro.com/articles/free-martha-not-headings/</a> (last visited August 3, 2017).</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref5" name="_ftn5">[5]</a> Brief For the United States of America at 6-17, <em>United States v. Martha Stewart and Peter Bacanovic</em>, 433 F.3d 273 (2d Cir. 2006).</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref6" name="_ftn6">[6]</a> Query whether the dates in these headers are needed. They might suggest several significant events in a short period.</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref7" name="_ftn7">[7]</a> “The old test is still the best. Could a judge skim your headings and subheadings and know why you win?” Ross Guberman, <em>Point Made</em>, <em>supra</em> n. 1 at 93. For more advice on using headers in your argument section see <em>id.</em> at 93-106. <em>See also</em> Antonin Scalia &amp; Bryan A. Garner, <em>Making Your Case: The Art of Persuading Judges</em> 89 (2008) (describing Table of Contents as “primarily a finding tool” but also noting “many judges look at it first to get a quick overview of the argument. That’s one reason you should make your section headings and subheadings full, informative sentence.”)</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref8" name="_ftn8">[8]</a> Ross Guberman, <em>Point Made</em>, <em>supra</em> n. 1 at 73 (giving examples of integrated headers in Statement of Facts).</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref9" name="_ftn9">[9]</a> Brief for Necessary Third-Party Appellant-Respondent New York University at 38-40, <em>Deborah Glick, et al. v. Harvey, et al</em>., 25 N.Y.3d 1175 (N.Y. 2015).</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref10" name="_ftn10">[10]</a> <em>Id.</em> at 59-60.</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref11" name="_ftn11">[11]</a> Brief of Amici Curiae Kenneth B. Mehlman et al. Supporting Respondents at 10-12, <em>Hollingsworth v. Perry</em>, 133 S. Ct. 2652 (2013).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div style="border: 1px solid #999999; background-color: #dadada;"> <p><em>Michael Blasie graduated from the New York University School of Law. He began his career as a commercial litigator and criminal defense attorney in the New York City office of Cooley LLP where he practiced in state and federal trial and appellate courts. After five years he moved to Denver where he currently works as a law clerk to the Honorable David J. Richman of the Colorado Court of Appeals. Michael also serves as a volunteer firefighter for the City of Golden.<br /> </em></p> </div> </div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~4/qGGjbvfNTwA" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/show-way-using-headers-effectively/feed/ 0 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/show-way-using-headers-effectively/ 2017-11-15 15:43 +00:00 2017-11-15 08:43 -07:00 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/?p=38012 http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~3/ZjGKl22n-jw/ Case Law Colorado Supreme Court dangerous design litigation personal injury law products liability Colorado Supreme Court: Risk-Benefit Test is Proper Test in Products Liability Action The Colorado Supreme Court issued its opinion in <em>Walker v. Ford Motor Co.</em> on Monday, November 13, 2017. Wed, 15 Nov 2017 15:34:32 Z http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/colorado-supreme-court-risk-benefit-test-proper-test-products-liability-action/#respond CBA-CLE Staff <div class="pf-content"><p>The Colorado Supreme Court issued its opinion in <em><a href="https://www.courts.state.co.us/userfiles/file/Court_Probation/Supreme_Court/Opinions/2015/15SC899.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Walker v. Ford Motor Co.</a></em> on Monday, November 13, 2017.</p> <blockquote><p>In this case, the supreme court considered whether a trial court erred when it gave a jury instruction that allowed the jury to apply either the consumer expectation test or the risk-benefit test to determine whether a driver’s car seat was unreasonably dangerous due to a design defect. The court concluded that the risk-benefit test is the appropriate test to assess whether a product was unreasonably dangerous due to a design defect when, as here, the dangerousness of the design is “defined primarily by technical, scientific information.” <em>Ortho Pharm. Corp. v. Heath</em>, 722 P.2d 410, 414 (Colo. 1986), <em>overruled on other grounds by Armentrout v. FMC Corp</em>., 842 P.2d 175, 183 (Colo. 1992). The court further concluded that the jury’s separate finding of negligence did not render the instructional error harmless in this case.</p></blockquote> <p><em>Summary provided courtesy of </em><a href="http://www.cobar.org/-em-Colorado-Lawyer-em" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Colorado Lawyer</a>.</p> </div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~4/ZjGKl22n-jw" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/colorado-supreme-court-risk-benefit-test-proper-test-products-liability-action/feed/ 0 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/colorado-supreme-court-risk-benefit-test-proper-test-products-liability-action/ 2017-11-15 15:34 +00:00 2017-11-15 08:34 -07:00 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/?p=38008 http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~3/E3pEpoZQnDk/ Case Law 10th Circuit Tenth Circuit: Unpublished Opinions, 11/14/2017 On Tuesday, November 14, 2017, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals issued four published opinions and two unpublished opinions. Wed, 15 Nov 2017 14:50:12 Z http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/tenth-circuit-unpublished-opinions-11142017/#respond Susan Hoyt <div class="pf-content"><p>On Tuesday, November 14, 2017, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals issued four published opinions and two unpublished opinions.</p> <p><a href="http://www.ca10.uscourts.gov/opinions/16/16-3174.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>United States v. Lopez-Garcia</em></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.ca10.uscourts.gov/opinions/17/17-6140.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>United States v. Titties</em></a></p> <p>Case summaries are not provided for unpublished opinions. However, some published opinions are <a href="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/tag/10th-circuit/">summarized and provided by Legal Connection</a>.</p> </div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~4/E3pEpoZQnDk" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/tenth-circuit-unpublished-opinions-11142017/feed/ 0 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/tenth-circuit-unpublished-opinions-11142017/ 2017-11-15 14:50 +00:00 2017-11-15 07:50 -07:00 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/?p=37998 http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~3/238Biio6wTA/ CLE CLE books CLE program condemnation eminent domain government law real estate law Colorado Eminent Domain Practice: The Essential Guide to Condemnation Law and Practice in Colorado Colorado Eminent Domain Practice, the essential guide to condemnation law and practice in Colorado, will be updated and released this fall. Authored by Leslie Fields, a nationally renowned eminent domain practitioner who retired from Faegre Baker Daniels after 33 years of practice, the updated treatise includes insights into new and important eminent domain case law. On November 16th Ms. Fields will join with current FaegreBD partners, Jack Sperber, Brandee Caswell, and Sarah Kellner, as well as other eminent domain experts, to teach a course entitled Colorado Eminent Domain Practice: Books in Action. Tue, 14 Nov 2017 16:43:02 Z http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/colorado-eminent-domain-practice-essential-guide-condemnation-law-practice-colorado/#respond CBA-CLE Staff <div class="pf-content"><p><em><a href="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/?attachment_id=38006"><img class="alignleft wp-image-38006 size-full" src="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Fields_Leslie.jpg" alt="" width="300" height="450" srcset="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Fields_Leslie.jpg 300w, http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Fields_Leslie-100x150.jpg 100w, http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Fields_Leslie-200x300.jpg 200w, http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Fields_Leslie-150x225.jpg 150w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" /></a>Colorado Eminent Domain Practice</em>, the essential guide to condemnation law and practice in Colorado, will be updated and released this fall. Authored by Leslie Fields, a nationally renowned eminent domain practitioner who retired from Faegre Baker Daniels after 33 years of practice, the updated treatise includes insights into new and important eminent domain case law. On November 16th Ms. Fields will join with current FaegreBD partners, Jack Sperber, Brandee Caswell, and Sarah Kellner, as well as other eminent domain experts, to teach a course entitled <a href="http://cle.cobar.org/Seminars/Event-Info/sessionaltcd/RE111617L">Colorado Eminent Domain Practice: Books in Action.</a> The course will draw from the key concepts and developments highlighted in the updated text.</p> <p>Among the many cases featured in the updated treatise will be last year’s Colorado Court of Appeals decision in <em>Town of Silverthorne v. Lutz</em>, 370 P.3d 368 (Colo. App. 2016). In <em>Lutz</em>, the court upheld the trial court’s exclusion of evidence that the town had received funds from the Great Outdoors Colorado Program (GOCO) for the recreational trail project necessitating the taking of the Lutz property. Even though a state constitutional provision barred GOCO funds from being used to acquire property by condemnation, the court held that evidence of the special funding was not relevant to the town’s authority to condemn the easements under long established case law. The court further reasoned that a condemnation action is a special statutory proceeding that must be conducted according to statutory procedures, and the parties may not raise issues, such as project funding, which would change the character of a condemnation action. The court also stated that while the constitution prohibits GOCO funds from being used to pay the just compensation for condemned property, it does not preclude the use of the funds for other aspects of the project. Therefore, evidence of GOCO funding was properly excluded.</p> <p>Finally, the <em>Lutz</em> court also rejected the property owners’ argument that evidence of GOCO funding was admissible to show that the town acted in bad faith in deciding that their property was necessary for construction of the trail project. For more on bad faith necessity challenges, as well as the other issues raised in <em>Lutz</em>, refer to the updated <em>Colorado Eminent Domain Practice</em> by Leslie Fields, and <a href="http://cle.cobar.org/Seminars/Event-Info/sessionaltcd/RE111617L">register </a>for Thursday&#8217;s program using the links below.</p> <div style="border: 1px solid #999999; background-color: #dadada;"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td valign="middle"> <h3><a href="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/?attachment_id=37850" rel="attachment wp-att-6869"><img class="alignleft wp-image-37850 size-thumbnail" src="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/RE111617L-150x138.jpg" alt="" width="150" height="138" srcset="http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/RE111617L-150x138.jpg 150w, http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/RE111617L.jpg 300w" sizes="(max-width: 150px) 100vw, 150px" /></a></h3> <h3>CLE Program: Colorado Eminent Domain Practice</h3> <p>This CLE presentation will occur on Thursday, November 16, 2017, at the CLE Large Classroom (1900 Grant St., 3rd Floor) from 9:00 a.m. to 3:15 p.m. Register for the <a href="http://cle.cobar.org/Seminars/Event-Info/sessionaltcd/RE111617L" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">live program here</a> and the <a href="http://cle.cobar.org/Seminars/Event-Info/sessionaltcd/RE111617W">webcast here</a>. You may also call (303) 860-0608 to register.</p> <p>Can&#8217;t make the live program? Order the homestudy here — <a href="http://cle.cobar.org/Seminars/Event-Info/sessionaltcd/RE111617D">CD Homestudy</a> • <a href="http://cle.cobar.org/Seminars/Event-Info/sessionaltcd/RE111617N">Video OnDemand</a> • <a href="http://cle.cobar.org/Seminars/Event-Info/sessionaltcd/RE111617J">MP3 Audio</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> </div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/CBACLELegalConnection/~4/238Biio6wTA" height="1" width="1" alt=""/> http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/colorado-eminent-domain-practice-essential-guide-condemnation-law-practice-colorado/feed/ 0 http://cbaclelegalconnection.com/2017/11/colorado-eminent-domain-practice-essential-guide-condemnation-law-practice-colorado/ 2017-11-14 16:43 +00:00 2017-11-14 09:43 -07:00